This blog was created for USASTRATCOM Long Lines Battalion Army personnel who served in Taiwan during the 1965-72 time frame. Specifically, those who lived and worked in and around Taipei are the target. If you worked at the Grass Mountain or Gold Mountain facilities or anywhere in downtown Taipei, we would like to hear from you. All are welcome to visit and contribute to this blog. Your comments and pictures are encouraged.

Friday, December 28, 2012

A Funeral In Taipei, 1958

We had previously published Marvin Faulkner's shots of a  funeral in Kaohsiung. To view it, click  HERE.

Tom Jones took several shots of a funeral in downtown Taipei. Although these funeral processions are held today, the format is quite different from those in this post.

Usually, village leaders and people of note financially or politically would have a procession in their honor.  The richer the person, the more elaborate the production. 

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

A funeral procession would probably not happen today in Taipei since major roads were shut down to make way for the floats and mourners.  This photo indicates that the procession is about to begin. 

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Funeral wreaths were common as were the order in which the family followed the procession.  The clothing worn indicated how close by blood to the deceased each person was.
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

If there were more Jeeps, you might think that we were in the Philippines.
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

The pedicabs are carrying the wreaths with Chinese declarations.

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

The flowers were not spared as we see the Jeep carrying the photo of the person being honored.

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

These may be some of the younger relatives carrying banners. Then again, Tom's contacts in Taiwan assured him that there were professional mourners.
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Possibly, this might be a rent-a-band.  I wonder if these folks were some of the- professional mourners.
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

This appears to be the casket, followed possibly by close relatives. Red was not worn. (See comment below)
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

With regular traffic coming to a halt, one can see how difficult it would be to hold a funeral procession in Taipei today. 

That being said, there are processions today, and some even have strippers (No kidding!).  Black autos take the place of the pedicabs. 
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Taken later, this doesn't connect with the pictures above as it appears to be at least a partial Christian cemetery in Tainan City. The pond at the left of the picture is now dry. 
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

An attempt was made to find this cemetery. Tom says it is near the old Dutch Fort Zeelandia.

 It is still here in Tainan City and is called  Tainan Shih Number 1 Public Cemetery.  Each sarcophagus seems to be constructed from concrete. 

Photo by bigmouthall

An up-close picture shows the cemetery today. A wide street runs beside it and parking is available for a price. Let's hope Mr.or Ms. bigmouthall doesn't mind me using this photo.

Tuesday, December 18, 2012

Going To Grass Mountain, 1957-58, Taipei Taiwan

The transmitter site where Tom Jones worked was directly connected to the Sugar Building by cable. A receiver site on Grass Mountain was also in the mix in 1957. This post contains some unique photos of the Yangmingshan area.

In addition, we have some communications basics on signal transmission in the 1950s and later. Taiwan came a long way in a short time to become current with available technology. The Signal Corps led the way. 

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Winding its way northward is Chung Shan North Road  from downtown Taipei to Grass Mountain and other areas.

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

This picture wasn't going to be included, but the Taiwanese who commented on it seemed fascinated.

They argued among themselves as to whether this picture was taken in Shilin near Chiang Kai-shek's residence, or whether it just had something to do with Double Ten Day.

Again, we're leaning on Kent Mathieu of, who visited President Chiang's Shilin residence in 2010. View Kent's beautiful posting by clicking HERE.
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Although beautiful in the distance, the two lane paved road to Grass Mountain could be hazardous. Not only were guard rails missing, but overhead road lights were non-existent when Tom took this picture.

Shortly after we arrived in 1968, Taiwanese laborers hand-dug a trench all the way from Taipei up the mountain to President Chiang's summer residence. Electrical lines were buried after being connected to vapor lights.
Photo by Gary Wilson; Courtesy of

This photo has been used before in another post, but it shows exactly how the road to Grass Mountain was so treacherous at times.

With corkscrew turns and no lights illuminating the road, an overcrowded bus was a prime candidate for an accident. 

Here is a cut and paste picture of the Grass Mountain work site in 1969.  Whether it was the receiver site that Tom used is not known. 

In fact, it is not known to me when the Grass Mountain, Gold Mountain JOSS, and Seven Star facilities were constructed. 
Photo courtesy of Scott Ellinger

When the Army began its long-term commitment to Taiwan during the Korean War and afterward, facilities such as the Seven Star Microwave site were being constructed in several places in Taiwan. 

Since this was an Army undertaking, it was under the authority and control of MAAG-Taiwan..  As can be seen, the front of Seven Star in this picture indicates it was a "Scatter Station." To see what that means, click HERE.

From what I've read, STARCOM Army communications was a network of interconnected teletype sites around the world. The Seven Star Scatter Station shown in the picture above was not yet part of a satellite network in the 1950s  when Tom Jones' detachment was in Taiwan. Please correct me as I'm guessing, as usual.

The escalation of the Vietnam War resulted in the mass addition of satellite send/receive stations under the USASTRATCOM banner. STARCOM was not able to keep up with the volume of messages being sent around the world via the scatter system..  

If you folks in your 60s and older ever watched The Big Picture military television show, you might be familiar with the segment we are showing. Thanks go to Army LTC Scott Ellinger who provided it. The section about Taiwan begins around minute 21. To view, just click HERE. For those of you who understand communications, this short spot about Taiwan will make sense. 

Look at the lower left part of this picture and you can see Scott Ellinger's black and white photo directly above. This picture was taken in 1969, when Seven Star was part of USASTRATCOM. This is the header photo for this blog.
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

With water flowing down a ditch, this picture was taken long before anyone had an idea of straightening the road to President Chiang's summer residence.

The scene should look familiar to all of the hundreds of guys who made their way north to the hostel.
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Our blog has many pictures of this building and the many uses it has had over the last two centuries. 

When Tom Jones and his detachment went up the road to see it, the hostel shown was officially known as Hostel #3.  Military men were living there.

Hostels #1and #2 were outside the East Compound in Taipei.

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Tom assures us that somewhere in the background is the hostel and its surroundings.

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Initially, my thoughts were that this might be a hotel in Pei Tou (Beitou) since the open sulphur spring has a decent sized building in the background. 

Our blog auditor provided a literal translation and the building is not a hotel nor is it in Beitou.  It was probably near the hostel and it says "Chiang Kai-shek Long Life Hall." 

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Anyone who lived in the hostel on Grass Mountain knew that the village of Beitou was not too far away.  It looks pretty lush doesn't it?

This picture shows the beautiful Hushan Road which ran from near the hostel to the village of Beitou.  It was still an attractive road in 1968 as it had many turns with stunning views. 

Today, the road has been straightened and is still attractive, but somewhere much of the ambiance has been lost.

Monday, December 10, 2012

Working In The Rice Paddies, 1957-58, Taipei, Taiwan

Chauffeured by ROC drivers, Tom Jones and his fellow Signal Corps detachment friends traveled west over a bridge to the area where they worked.

As you are about to see, their transmitter site was in the middle of a rice paddy. The signal from here was relayed to the Sugar Building in downtown Taipei. At that time, the Sugar Building was the hub of Taipei communications.

The transmitter site was connected to the Sugar Building using a Spiral-4 cable and a radio link with a bunch of multiplex channels. Now, that might mean something to the tech controllers and microwave men.

Haggler's Row had not been built yet, so to say that the Sugar Building was across from it on Chung Hua Road wouldn't have meant much back then.

But saying that the Sugar Building was next to the First Company Limited might give a better idea of its location.

During the Vietnam War, the Sugar Building was headquarters for the Taipei Military Telephone Exchange.  Plunk in a $1 NT coin in a public phone, dial the exchange number, and a female with a Chinese accent would say, "Taipei Military."  You would then ask her to connect you with any military site in Taipei.  
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

This was a pretty well built troop transporter.  It is a heavy duty vehicle compared to the Ford vans that we wore out. 

Behind the vehicle is what appears to be the future headquarters of USASTRATCOM in the Signal Compound east of the commercial compound which contained the theater, PX and Commissary. 
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

This ROC Army driver was responsible for transporting the Signal Corps Detachment to its work site west of downtown Taipei.

Tom indicated that this was a 3/4 ton truck. We found most drivers to be competent, if not spectacular. Get me there; bring me home.

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Taken from a plane above, this picture shows the Taipei Bridge crossing the Tamsui River. The road on the right approaching the bridge is Min Chuan (Minquan) West Road. 

The area west of the bridge still was not highly developed 10 years later when our groups arrived. Today it is somewhat built up, but it remains isolated after a few miles.

Civilians had to pay a toll to cross this bridge. On the other side, our destination was the Toyota garage. It was strictly repair and maintain. No cars were being sold in Taiwan yet. Ours came from Japan via Keelung.

This is Taipei Bridge today. As you will see, it's no longer a two-lane crossing.

With a separate lane on each side for 2-wheeled vehicles and pedestrians, the bridge widens to 3 lanes maximum on each side of the double line.

Take your pick of roads to exit onto. In 1968, there was one major road on the other side to follow.

Imagine the emotions of Tom and his friends going to work the first day.

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Shown here is an AN/GRC-26 2 1/2 ton radio truck with PE-95 10KW generator trailers to power the radio.

I googled this truck and generators and this one was really heavy duty. A Signal Corps museum in Ft. Gordon, Georgia contains much of this equipment. 
Photo Courtesy of Tom Jones

From this and the previous pictures, you can see why the Army communications unit was to become the USASTRATCOM Long Lines Battalion.
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones 

In the background is the transmitter building.
Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Inside the power building were five 60KW diesel generators.  These were later replaced by a really big diesel unit after Tom left the island. 

 Do you get the feeling that Con Ed didn't service this area?

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

Another photo taken inside the transmitter building

Photo courtesy of Tom Jones

This picture is out of sequence. It was taken later in his Taiwan tour of duty when Tom was in Matsu.

It's included here as Tom is shown repairing a Kleinschmidt teletypewriter, which took patience, knowledge, parts, and luck. We are all fortunate that Tom framed his pictures better than his friends did.
Photo by Earl Axe; courtesy of

The blue arrow points to the famous Sugar Building near Chung Hua Road around 1970. Not only was the Taipei Military Telephone Exchange inside it, but so was AFNT, AM-1560. FM-100.1 was not active in 1958.  It was online at a later date. 

The actual street the Sugar Building was on is Hankou Street. The facility was moved to Grass Mountain in 1968. From comments on other posts, the site of the new building was near the movie theater and snack bar/bowling alley.

Taken from an area near Ximending, the Sugar Building can be seen in the distance.

When we arrived in  June of 1968, AFNT stood for Armed Forces Network Taiwan. Later it was changed to American Forces Network Taiwan as part of the AFRTS.

Photo courtesy of George Lane

Looking to the left of the First Company, you can really see a fine picture of the Sugar Building.